„Barbarossa operation” is launched
22 june 1941
In June 1941, the „Barbarossa operation”, the Romanian-German offensive against URSS, was launched. Iași turns into a key railway junction for transporting troops to the front. At that time, almost 45.000 Jews lived in Iași.
Soviet bombing of the city of Iași
22 june 1941
The Soviets` attacks on the city didn`t cause significant damage but encouraged the rumors regarding the help offered to the soviets by the Jews in Iași. On June 22, the first day of the war, posters started to appear in Iași, encouraging the Pogrom. The Jews were accused of guiding the soviet pilots to bomb specific targets from the city.
Evacuation of Jews
27 june 1941
On June 27, 1941, Ion Antonescu ordered the commander of the Iași garrison, colonel Lupu, to evacuate the Jews from the city. On the night of June 28/29, the army, the police, the gendarmerie and German soldiers and civilians started to arrest and kill Jews.
Courtyard of the Police Headquarters
29 june 1941
On June 29, 1941, several thousand Jews were gathered in the courtyard of the Police Headquarters in Iași, where the fire was open against them.
30 june 1941
On June 30, 1941, at dawn, two trains with cattle wagons where Jews were crammed left Iași station.
Iași - Călărași train had 33 wagons in which more than 2400 people were loaded. The road lasted seven days, and the train stopped at many stations to unload the bodies of those who had died. The stops were at: Târgu Frumos, Mircești, Săbăoani, Roman, Mărășești, Inotești. Only 1011 persons were alive when the train arrived at Călărași.
Iași - Podu Iloaiei train covered the distance of 20km in 8 hours. About 1900 Jews were loaded in 18 wagons. Only 706 survived.
More than 13.000 Jews lost their lives during the Iași Pogrom, on the summer of 1941.
If you have information about key places in the history of Iași Pogrom, you want to share with us the life stories of the Pogrom`s victims, or you want to send us a proposal for developing the project, you can contact us by e-mail or phone:
Phone: +4 021.318.09.39.